set up after the war to study the
future of the region. In 1948, he left Howard to head the Research Branch of the
Caribbean Commission. He later (1955) resigned from the Commission in protest
against its crypto-colonialist policies.
Williams returned to Trinidad and Tobago and became more involved in politics.
His first major political speech was titled My Relations with the Caribbean
Commission (1955). A year later, Williams formed the People's National Movement
(PNM), a political party of which he became the leader. In September of 1956,
the PNM won the national elections and he became the chief minister of the
country from 1956 to 1959, premier from 1959 to 1962, and prime minister from
1962 to 1981. During his term as prime minister, Williams led Trinidad and
Tobago into the Federation of the West Indies and to independence within the
Commonwealth in 1962. Williams died in office on March 29, 1981. Often called
the "Father of the Nation," Williams remains one of the most
significant leaders in the history of modern Trinidad and Tobago.
Dr. Eric Williams considered himself a teacher, historian and a philosopher.
Before and during his tenure as prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago, he wrote
many articles and books on the Caribbean, education, and politics. The following
is a bibliography of his works in chronological order:
"The Golden Age of the Slave System in Britain." Journal of Negro
History 25 (1940).
"British West Indian Slave Trade After Its Abolition in 1807." Journal
of Negro History 27 (1942).
The Negro in the Caribbean. Washington, DC: Associates in Negro Folk Education,
"Laissez Faire, Sugar and Slavery." Political Science Quarterly
Capitalism and Slavery. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1944.
"Race Relations in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands." Foreign
Affairs 23 (January 1945).
"Historical Background of British Guiana's Problems." Journal of Negro
History 30 (1945).
"Proposed British West Indian University." School and Society 63
"Education in Dependent Territories in America." Journal of Negro
Education 15 (Summer 1946).
Ed. Documents Illustrating the Development of Civilization. 3 vols. Washington,
DC: Kaufman Press, 1947.
Education in the British West Indies. Port of Spain: Guardian Commercial
Ed. Documents on British West Indian History, 1807-1833. Port of Spain: Trinidad
Publishing Company, 1952.
Ed. The British West Indies at Westminster: Extracts from the Debates in
Parliament. Port of Spain: Historical Society of Trinidad and Tobago, 1954.
Constitutional Reform in Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain: Teachers' Economic
and Cultural Association, Public Affairs Pamphlet, no. 2, 1955.
Historical Background of Race Relations in the Caribbean. Port of Spain:
Teachers' Economic and Cultural Association, Public Affairs Pamphlet, no. 4,
Economic Problems of Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain: Teacher's Economic and
Cultural Association, Public Affairs Pamphlet, no. 1, 1955.
The Case for Party Politics in Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain: Teacher's
Economic and Cultural Association, Public Affairs Pamphlet, no. 4, 1955.
My Relations with the Caribbean Commission. Port of Spain: Teachers' Economic
and Cultural Association, 1955.
Federation: Two Public Lectures. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1956.
Perspectives for Our Party. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1958.
From Slavery to Chaguaramas. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1959.
Economics of Nationhood. Port of Spain: Government Printing Office, 1959.
People's National Movement: Major Party Documents, Vol. 1 Port of Spain: PNM
Massa Day Done: A Masterpiece of Political and Sociological Analysis. Port of
Spain: PNM Publishing, 1960.
Perspectives for the West Indies. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1960.
Our Fourth Anniversary. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1960.
History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing,
"Speech on Independence." Nation, August 31, 1962.
Documents of West Indian History. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1963.
Reflections on the Caribbean Economic Community: A Series of Seven Articles.
Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1965.
British Historians and the West Indies. London: André Deutsch, 1966.
Britain and the West Indies. London: Longmans for the University of Essex, 1969.
Inward Hunger: The Education of a Prime Minister. London: André Deutsch, 1969.
PNM Perspectives in the World of the Seventies: An Address. Port of Spain: PNM
From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, 1492-1969. London: André
Nationwide Broadcast. Port of Spain: Government Printery, 1970.
Some Historical Reflections on the Church in the Caribbean: An Address. Port of
Spain: Public Relations Division, Office of the Prime Minister, 1970.
The Chaguaramas Declaration. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1970.
"The Blackest Thing in Slavery Was Not the Black Man." Revista
Interamericana (Puerto Rico) 3, no. 1 (1973).
"The Case Against Proportional Representation." Round Table (Great
Britain) 249 (1973).
"A New Federation for the Commonwealth Caribbean." Political Quarterly
(Great Britain) 44, no. 3 (1973).
PR: To Dissolve Present PNM Majorities. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1973.
"The Threat to the Caribbean Community." Port of Spain, 1977.
The Political Leader's Address. Port of Spain: PNM Publishing, 1977.